As we begin this New Year, I want to shed light on a few things with regards to the year 2014. At the beginning of last year, I had shared with a few people, the prophetic Hebrew meaning for 2013. Today I will share the prophetic Hebrew meaning for the year 2014. Some of you will read this and be pessimistic, others will read and be immensely blessed. Either way, my purpose for writing this is simply to bring an awareness of the prophetic significance of following Jewish time. If you know anything about biblical prophecy, then you will know that God counts time according to Israel’s time clock. Therefore to understand prophecy, it is imperative to take a close look at Israel. Before I get into the prophetic significance of this year, it is important to understand that the Hebrew/Jewish Calendar is very different from the Calendar that determines our date and time. In other words, the Hebrew calendar does not match or coincide with the calendar as we know it. The very first verse in the Bible indicates an awareness of time, “in the beginning” (Gen.1:1).
According to Rabbinic tradition, the very first commandment given to the children of Israel after leaving Egypt is to sanctify the new moon (Exodus 12:1-2). Henceforth, Jews have departed from the Egyptian solar tradition of (Ra Worship) and have looked to the moon to reconcile their seasons. So the Jewish calendar seeks to reconcile the different methods of calculating time because they were commanded to sanctify the lunar months, and to celebrate each of the holidays in its appropriate season. That would explain why Jewish holy days are almost never on the same day every year. Unlike the holidays that we basically celebrate on the same day every year, Jewish holy days are determined by seasons. In order to accomplish that, they have leap years which contain 13 lunar months instead of 12, to make up the difference of days between a solar year and 12 lunar months.
The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis (a day); the revolution of the moon about the Earth (a month); and the revolution of the Earth about the sun (a year). These three phenomena are independent of each other, so there is no direct correlation between them. On average, the moon revolves around the Earth in about 29½ days. The Earth revolves around the sun in about 365¼ days, that is, about 12.4 lunar months. The civil calendar used by most of the world has abandoned any correlation between the moon cycles and the month, illogically setting the length of months to 28, 30 or 31 days. The Jewish calendar, however, coordinates all three of these astronomical phenomena. Months are either 29 or 30 days, corresponding to the 29½-day lunar cycle. Years are either 12 or 13 months, corresponding to the 12.4 month solar cycle. The Hebrew or Jewish calendar is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances. It determines the dates for Jewish holidays and the appropriate public reading of Torah portions, yahrzeits (dates to commemorate the death of a relative), and daily Psalm readings, among many ceremonial uses. In Israel, it is used for religious purposes, provides a time frame for agriculture and is an official calendar for civil purposes.
Days and Hours:
The Jewish day has no fixed length. The Jewish day is modeled on the reference to “…there was evening and there was morning…” in the Creation account in the first chapter of Genesis. Based on the classic rabbinical interpretation of this text, a day in the Rabbinic Hebrew calendar runs from sunset (start of “the evening”) to the next sunset. One complicating factor is that there is no clear cut sunrise or sunset time at the extreme latitudes during certain seasons. At higher latitudes in summer, when the sun does not sink below the horizon, a day is counted from midday to midday, and in the winter, when the sun does not rise above the horizon, from midnight to midnight.
The names of the days of the week are modeled on the seven days mentioned in the Creation story. For example, Genesis 1:5 says “… And there was evening and there was morning, one day”. The names for the days of the week, like those in the Creation account, are simply the day number within the week, with Shabbat being the seventh day. Each day of the week runs from sunset to the following sunset and is figured locally. The Hebrew calendar follows a seven-day weekly cycle, which runs concurrently but independently of the monthly and annual cycles. The names for the days of the week are simply the day number within the week. In Hebrew, these names may be abbreviated using the numerical value of the Hebrew letters. The days of the week are as follows:
1. Yom Rishon – meaning “first day” [corresponds to Sunday] (starting at preceding sunset of Saturday)
2. Yom Sheni – meaning “second day” [corresponds to Monday]
3. Yom Shlishi – meaning “third day” [corresponds to Tuesday]
4. Yom Reviʻi – meaning “fourth day” [corresponds to Wednesday]
5. Yom Chamishi – “fifth day” [corresponds to Thursday]
6. Yom Shishi – meaning “sixth day” [corresponds to Friday]
7. Yom Shabbat – or more usually Shabbat = “Sabbath-rest day” [corresponds to Saturday].
The beginning of each Jewish lunar month is based on the appearance of the new moon. There is a weekly cycle of seven days, mirroring the seven-day period of the Book of Genesis in which the world is created. The “first month” of the Jewish calendar is the month of Nisan, in the spring when Passover occurs. However, the Jewish New Year is in Tishri, the seventh month, and that is when the year number is increased. This concept of different starting points for a year is not as strange as it might seem at first glance. The American “new year” starts in January, but the new “school year” starts in September, and many businesses have “fiscal years” that start at various times of the year. Similarly, the Jewish calendar has a different starting point. The names of the months of the Jewish calendar were adopted during the time of Ezra, after the return from the Babylonian exile. The names are actually Babylonian month names, brought back to Israel by the returning exiles. Note that most of the Bible refers to months by number, not by name. Here are the Jewish calendar months and the civil equivalent:
1. Nisan — March/April (30 days)
2. Iyyar — April/May (29 days)
3. Sivan — May/June (30 days)
4. Tammuz — June/July (29 days)
5. Av — July/August (30 days)
6. Elul — August/September (29 days)
7. Tishri — September/October (30 days)
8. Cheshvan — October/November (29 or 30 days)
9. Kislev — November/December (30 or 29 days)
10. Tevet — December/January (29 days)
11. Sh’vat — January/February (30 days)
12. Adar — February/March (29 days)
The Hebrew calendar year conventionally begins on Rosh Hashanah. However, other dates serve as the beginning of the year for different religious purposes. The Hebrew calendar is a lunisolar calendar, meaning that months are based on lunar months, but years are based on solar years. The calendar year features twelve lunar months of twenty-nine or thirty days, with an intercalary lunar month added periodically to synchronize the twelve lunar cycles with the longer solar year. The year number on the Jewish calendar represents the number of years since creation, calculated by adding up the ages of people in the Bible back to the time of creation. However, this does not necessarily mean that the universe has existed for only 5700 years as we understand years. Many Orthodox Jews will readily acknowledge that the first six “days” of creation are not necessarily 24-hour days (indeed, a 24-hour day would be meaningless until the creation of the sun on the fourth “day”). Keep in mind everything you just read. The Jews does not count time the way we have been taught all our lives. They live based on a totally different system that is essentially dictated by seasons and holy days. Also keep in mind that the Jewish years does not begin on January 1st, but rather in the fall season which is generally during the month of September. As I begin to explain the prophetic significance of 2014, one must understand that according to Jewish tradition, we are now in the year of 5774. In other words 2014 is actually 5774 in the Hebrew calendar. Ayin Dalet are the Hebrew words used for 5774 which began sundown on September 4, 2013 and will end September 24, 2014. Continue reading Part II
Due to the length of this article, I’ve separated it into part I and part II. In order for this to all come together in your spirit, you must read Part II. To continue reading, please click on the link below. Be blessed.